Southeast Asian population boomed 4,000 years ago

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Clare McFadden, lead author. Source: ANU

via Science Daily/ANU, 20 September 2018: A new paper in the Journal of Archaeological Science shows evidence for a rapid population growth in Southeast Asia around 4,000 years ago using an analysis that takes into account the proportion of children and infants in population measurements.

Clare McFadden, lead author. Source: ANU

Clare McFadden, lead author. Source: ANU

Researchers at The Australian National University (ANU) have uncovered a previously unconfirmed population boom across South East Asia that occurred 4,000 years ago, thanks to a new method for measuring prehistoric population growth.

Using the new population measurement method, which utilises human skeletal remains, they have been able to prove a significant rapid increase in growth across populations in Thailand, China and Vietnam during the Neolithic Period, and a second subsequent rise in the Iron Age.

Source: Southeast Asian population boomed 4,000 years ago — ScienceDaily

Mapping the water sources of Angkor

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A recent paper by Kasper Hanus and Damien Evans is featured by the Khmer Times – a discussion about population estimates of Angkor through measurements of the ponds in Angkor, a metric made easier to count due to their detection by LiDAR.

Lasers Used to Map Ancient Water at Angkor, Provides Clues on Population
Khmer Times, 04 January 2016

Imaging the Waters of Angkor: A Method for Semi-Automated Pond Extraction from LiDAR Data
DOI: 10.1002/arp.1530

The secret to the number of people who actually lived in the city center of Angkor Thom may lie not in the number of buildings but in the number and size of its ponds, according to a new archaeological study released last week. Until now, most research about the Angkor city center has focused on the grand temples, while the mundane details of everyday life – such as where the city’s residents got their water – have been ignored. This new study, published last week in Archaeological Prospection, finds secrets in these mundane details.

Since ponds were used as the water supply by the city’s residents, the team of researchers – led by Kasper Hanus of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poland and Damian Evans of the University of Sydney – hypothesized that the number of ponds could provide a clue to the number of residents. “Small-scale ponds were a vital part of the water management system of Angkor,” the study said.

Counting the number of ponds that existed in the 14th century can be a difficult task, but using detailed maps created with airborne laser scanning, and making clever use of a depth mapping algorithm, the archaeological team was able to estimate the number of ponds in the area.

Full story here.

New research suggests Madagascar seeded by some 30 Indonesian women

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Archaeologists have long known about the linguistic and genetic links between Madagascar and Indonesia; new research suggests that Madagascar was populated fairly recently from a small pool of approximately 30 Indonesian women. At 1,200 years ago, this would put it right at the time when Srivijaya was the dominant power in the islands. Interesting, but also not surprising!

A small cohort of Island Southeast Asian women founded Madagascar
Murray P. Cox, Michael G. Nelson, Meryanne K. Tumonggor, François-X. Ricaut and Herawati Sudoyo
Published online before print March 21, 2012, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.0012
Proc. R. Soc. B

30 Indonesian Women (Accidentally) Founded Madagascar
Live Science, 20 March 2012
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