A new paper in Quaternary International discusses the Xiaodong rock shelter in Yunnan, the oldest Hoabinhian site to date. The Hoabinhian technoculture can be found throughout Southeast Asia, and so this discovery in Yunnan suggests the origins and subsequent spread of people using this set of tools into Southeast Asia.
Xiaodong rock shelter. Source: China.org 20151230
The oldest Hoabinhian technocomplex in Asia (43.5 ka) at Xiaodong rockshelter, Yunnan Province, southwest China
Quarternary International, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2015.09.080
Oldest Hoabinhian site discovered in SW China
China.org, 30 December 2015
The Hoabinhian is the most representative technocomplex in Southeast Asian prehistory for the later hunter–gatherer period. As a mainland technology based exclusively on seasonal tropical environments, this core-tool culture was previously defined in northern Vietnam in 1932 and characterized originally by its large, flat and long, largely unifacial cobble tools associated with tropical forest fauna. The recent discoveries and dates obtained at Xiaodong rockshelter in Yunnan Province (southwest China) allow us to discuss the origin and the homeland of this singular Asian technocomplex which spread to Southeast Asia during the end of the Late Upper Pleistocene. Here we present the first Chinese Hoabinhian lithic implements in their stratigraphic and chronological context within a rockshelter site, and we address the question of the dispersal of modern humans from South China to Southeast Asia.
News article here.
Archaeologists in Vietnam discover prehistoric remains in northern Vietnam that may date as far back as 12,000 year ago.
Vietnam Net 20121125
Secrets of 12,000-year-old remains
Vietnam Net, 25 Nov 2012
Archaeologists discover Hoabinhian and Bacsonian stone tools in a cave in north Vietnam.
Archaeologists find prehistoric artefacts in Ha Giang cave
Viet Nam News, 16 Nov 2010
Archaeologists have discovered a cave showing signs of habitation during the Neolithic period 7,000-8,000 years ago.
Cave served as home of early human found
Viet Nam News, 13 September 2010
In what seems to be the first of its kind in Southeast Asia, an ancient road has been discovered in the Hoabinhian site of the Xom Trai Cave dating back to 8,000 – 9,000 years. Sadly, the story on VietNamNet doesn’t display any images of the road, but it indicates the presence of worn-out stones. Remains of an older nearby route, possibly related to the road find, dates even further back.
Ancient road found in cave
VietnamNet Bridge, 26 November 2008
The Phia Mun cave in Tuyen Quang Province has yielded artefacts dating as far back as 7,000 years. The excavation, which started last year, has just completed its second phase.
Phia Mun Cave reveals wealth of archaeological treasures [Link no longer active]
Viet Nam News, 13 November 2008
A neolithic cave site, dating as far back as 10,000 BCE has been discovered in northeastern province of Cao Bang. Among the finds are stone tools and red minerals used to make body paints.
Neolithic remains found in VN cave [Link no longer active]
Viet Nam News, 31 October 2008