You searched for "homo floresiensis". Here are the results:
New Open Access paper in the Journal of Human Evolution examines the distribution stone artefacts and faunal remains of Liang Bua over 190,000 years. Changes in the assemblage suggest that modern humans arrived to Liang Bua around 46,000 years ago.
Liang Bua, the type site of Homo floresiensis, is a limestone cave on the Indonesian island of Flores with sedimentary deposits currently known to range in age from about 190 thousand years (ka) ago to the present. Recent revision of the stratigraphy and chronology of this depositional sequence suggests that skeletal remains of H. floresiensis are between ∼100 and 60 ka old, while cultural evidence of this taxon occurs until ∼50 ka ago. Here we examine the compositions of the faunal communities and stone artifacts, by broad taxonomic groups and raw materials, throughout the ∼190 ka time interval preserved in the sequence. Major shifts are observed in both the faunal and stone artifact assemblages that reflect marked changes in paleoecology and hominin behavior, respectively. Our results suggest that H. floresiensis and Stegodon florensis insularis, along with giant marabou stork (Leptoptilos robustus) and vulture (Trigonoceps sp.), were likely extinct by ∼50 ka ago. Moreover, an abrupt and statistically significant shift in raw material preference due to an increased use of chert occurs ∼46 thousand calibrated radiocarbon (14C) years before present (ka cal. BP), a pattern that continues through the subsequent stratigraphic sequence. If an increased preference for chert does, in fact, characterize Homo sapiens assemblages at Liang Bua, as previous studies have suggested (e.g., Moore et al., 2009), then the shift observed here suggests that modern humans arrived on Flores by ∼46 ka cal. BP, which would be the earliest cultural evidence of modern humans in Indonesia.
Source: The spatio-temporal distribution of archaeological and faunal finds at Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia) in light of the revised chronology for Homo floresiensis – ScienceDirect
This newly published paper by ANUs Debbie Argue has been making the news recently. A new analysis of the bones puts Homo floresiensis closer in time to Homo habilis than it does Homo erectus or Homo Sapiens, which suggests the the Hobbit’s lineage was more ancient than recent.
Although the diminutive Homo floresiensis has been known for a decade, its phylogenetic status remains highly contentious. A broad range of potential explanations for the evolution of this species has been explored. One view is that H. floresiensis is derived from Asian Homo erectus that arrived on Flores and subsequently evolved a smaller body size, perhaps to survive the constrained resources they faced in a new island environment. Fossil remains of H. erectus, well known from Java, have not yet been discovered on Flores. The second hypothesis is that H. floresiensis is directly descended from an early Homo lineage with roots in Africa, such as Homo habilis; the third is that it is Homo sapiens with pathology. We use parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetic methods to test these hypotheses. Our phylogenetic data build upon those characters previously presented in support of these hypotheses by broadening the range of traits to include the crania, mandibles, dentition, and postcrania of Homo and Australopithecus. The new data and analyses support the hypothesis that H. floresiensis is an early Homo lineage: H. floresiensis is sister either to H. habilis alone or to a clade consisting of at least H. habilis, H. erectus, Homo ergaster, and H. sapiens. A close phylogenetic relationship between H. floresiensis and H. erectus or H. sapiens can be rejected; furthermore, most of the traits separating H. floresiensis from H. sapiens are not readily attributable to pathology (e.g., Down syndrome). The results suggest H. floresiensis is a long-surviving relict of an early (>1.75 Ma) hominin lineage and a hitherto unknown migration out of Africa, and not a recent derivative of either H. erectus or H. sapiens.
Source: The affinities of Homo floresiensis based on phylogenetic analyses of cranial, dental, and postcranial characters
- Origins of Indonesian Hobbits finally revealed (Science Daily, 21 April 2017)
- ‘Hobbit’ species did not evolve from ancestor of modern humans, research finds (The Guardian, 21 April 2017)
- Study shows Indonesian “hobbits” came from Africa (Xinhua, 21 April 2017)
- Hobbit jawbone study redraws the human family tree (Cosmos, 21 April 2017)
- Real-life ‘hobbits’ could be one of the earliest forms of human, say scientists (Indepedent, 21 April 2017)
- Origins of Indonesia’s Flores ‘hobbits’ most likely in Africa and not from ‘Java man’, study claims (Sydney Morning Herald, 21 April 2017
- Mystery human hobbit ancestor may have been first out of Africa (New Scientist, 21 April 2017)
- New theory provides insight on Indonesian ‘hobbits’ (AOL News, 21 April 2017)
- Indonesian hobbit evolved from African ancestor (UPI, 21 April 2017)
- Hobbits really do exist – and it’s now been revealed where they come from (The Mirror, 21 April 2017)
- Hobbit Bones Reveal Evolution Of Ancient Human Species (International Business Times, 21 April 2017)
- Scientists in shock human ‘hobbit’ discovery announcement (Daily Star, 21 April 2017)
- Flores Man ‘hobbits’ found in Indonesia were NOT direct relatives of modern humans, scientists confirm (The Sun, 22 April 2017)
- Indonesian ‘Hobbit’ Not Related To Modern Humans’ Ancestor But Instead Has African Origins: Scientists (Tech Times, 22 April 2017)
- Origins of ‘hobbit’ species discovered (CBC News, 22 April 2017)
- The hobbits were not humans, says new study (Telangana Today, 22 April 2017)
- Indonesia’s ‘Hobbits’ Are Far Older Relatives Than We Originally Thought (Science Alert, 22 April 2017)
- ANU researchers discount theory Indonesian hobbits evolved from Homo erectus (ABC News, 22 April 2017)
- We’re Not Close: Indonesia’s Human-Like ‘Hobbit’ Skeletons Aren’t Our Ancestors (Sputnik News, 22 April 2017)
- Scientists debunk theory that hobbits were man’s cousin (International Business Times, 22 April 2017)
- Study reveals origins of Indonesian ‘hobbits’ (Z News, 22 April 2017)
Human evolution specialist Darren Curnoe writes about the latest in the Homo florensiensis debate and what it may mean for paleoanthropology.
Saga of ‘the Hobbit’ highlights a science in crisis
The Conversation, 11 February 2013
A museum for Homo floresiensis will be built in Ruteng, the capital of Flores this year. Article is in Indonesian.
Museum Floresiensis Rp 5 Miliar Dibangun di Ruteng
Tribun News, 04 January 2013
An Indonesian video on the Liang Bua cave, where Homo floresiensis was discovered. Video is in Indonesian.
Video: Liang Bua, Rumah Manusia Kerdil Flores
Limputan, 29 November 2012
We’ve been referring to the Homo floresiensis as the ‘Hobbit’ since its discovery, but now it seems that the estate of J. R. R. Tolkien is legally blocking the use of the term – by preventing a public lecture in New Zealand from using the word ‘Hobbit’.
Hobbit makers ban uni from using ‘hobbit’
3News, 24 October 2012
This story broke a couple of weeks ago, but I’ve been behind posts because of the recent 13th conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists in Berlin. A study in PLoS ONE suggests that the Indonesian hobbits suffer from cretinism rather than being an altogether new species of hominid, by comparing the bones of homo floresiensis, normal humans, chimpanzees and cretins.
Post-Cranial Skeletons of Hypothyroid Cretins Show a Similar Anatomical Mosaic as Homo floresiensis
PLoS ONE, 2010
‘Hobbit’ Was an Iodine-Deficient Human, Not Another Species, New Study Suggests
Science Daily, 28 September 2010
The National Public Radio’s Science Friday programme has a 12-minute interview with Lee Berger, the principal investigator of the Palau skeletons. Find out what this find means for the homo floresiensis debate and for our understanding of humankind in general.
photo credit: Rosino
Discovery Casts Doubt on ‘Hobbit’ Theory
NPR, 14 March 2008
21 September 2007 (Science Magazine) – And finally, the abstract of the homo floresiensis wrist study from Science Magazine. Subscription required for full access.
The Primitive Wrist of Homo floresiensis and Its Implications for Hominin Evolution
Matthew W. Tocheri, Caley M. Orr, Susan G. Larson, Thomas Sutikna, Jatmiko, E. Wahyu Saptomo, Rokus Awe Due, Tony Djubiantono, Michael J. Morwood, William L. Jungers
Whether the Late Pleistocene hominin fossils from Flores, Indonesia, represent a new species, Homo floresiensis, or pathological modern humans has been debated. Analysis of three wrist bones from the holotype specimen (LB1) shows that it retains wrist morphology that is primitive for the African ape-human clade. In contrast, Neandertals and modern humans share derived wrist morphology that forms during embryogenesis, which diminishes the probability that pathology could result in the normal primitive state. This evidence indicates that LB1 is not a modern human with an undiagnosed pathology or growth defect; rather, it represents a species descended from a hominin ancestor that branched off before the origin of the clade that includes modern humans, Neandertals, and their last common ancestor.
07 July 2007 (American Scientist) – Another book review of “A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the “Hobbits” of Flores, Indonesia” by Mike Morwood and Penny van Oosterzee. This review is longer than the previous one feature here, although I don’t think I’m planning to read the book anytime soon.
Choosing One’s Relatives
The discovery of a new hominin species in human ancestry is always exciting, never more so than when it is completely unexpected. And certainly no one anticipated that the fossil remains of such a species would be found in 2003 in Liang Bua, a limestone cave on the Indonesian island of Flores. But that year a team of archaeologists, anthropologists and geologists from Australia and Indonesia working at Liang Bua uncovered the bonesof a tiny woman, whom they eventually concluded was a hominin of a new species, Homo floresiensis. That bold claim has ignited considerable controversy among paleo-anthropologists.
Now one of the members of the team that found the specimen, Mike Morwood, has written a book titled A New Human, with science writer Penny van Oosterzee as coauthor. Their fascinating account of how the large-scale, multidisciplinary excavation was set up and run shows just how such an investigation should be conducted. They cover everything: the preliminary groundwork to find out who has to be approached to get permissions, with all the politics and administrative matters that are an unavoidable adjunct to such forms of scientific inquiry; the actual business of excavation and the dating of the deposit; and finally, the process of publishing a description of the fossils and their context. Anyone thinking of undertaking such a project would do well to consult this book.
Read the full review of “A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the “Hobbits” of Flores, Indonesia” from American Scientist.
More books about Homo floresiensis, aka The Hobbit:
– A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the “Hobbits” of Flores, Indonesia by M. Morwood and P. van Oosterzee
– Little People And a Lost World: An Anthropological Mystery by L. Goldenberg