A paper published in Science analyses the genomes of ancient Southeast Asian DNA and detected three distinct waves of migration into Southeast Asia beginning with hunter-gatherers around 45,000 years ago, followed by the Neolithic and the introduction of agricultural practices some 4,500 years ago, and a migration associated with the Bronze age, which reached Myanmar 3,000 years ago, Vietnam 2,000 years ago and Thailand in the last 1,000 years.

Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory
Science 17 May 2018:
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat3188

Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100–1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. By the Bronze Age, in a parallel pattern to Europe, sites in Vietnam and Myanmar show close connections to present-day majority groups, reflecting substantial additional influxes of migrants.

Source: Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory | Science

See also:

Related Posts

Found this site useful? Show support by Buying Me a Coffee

About the Author

Noel Tan ()

Dr Noel Hidalgo Tan is the Senior Specialist in Archaeology at SEAMEO-SPAFA, the Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Archaelogy and Fine Arts.

Website: http://www.SoutheastAsianArchaeology.com

2 Replies to “[Paper] Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory”

  1. Dear Noel,

    As I was searching the internet for the ancient DNA studies, I found your website which is really valuable in gathering all the information on this matter for southeast Asia.

    The reason I am contacting you is to inquire about a request which has been put to me by the director of the archaeology department in the heritage study center in Tehran-Iran.

    I am a geneticist by training and the interest is to begin ancient DNA studies here in Iran for the first time. They would like me to give two lectures on the modern techniques in archaeology for studying human history and the use of Ancient DNA to study human history.

    Could you guide me by providing me the PDFs of articles and/or websites containing the relevant papers.

    Thank you.

    Ali Ardekani

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.